what are the common symptoms of pregnancy?
Everyone experiences different pregnancy symptoms and at different times. It’s important not to compare your pregnancy to someone else’s because pregnancy symptoms can vary dramatically.
There are several signs of early pregnancy that you may or may not have. the most common symptoms include:
Reading: Headaches a sign of pregnancy
- missed period: The most common and obvious sign of pregnancy is a missed period. once conception has occurred, your body produces hormones that stop ovulation and the shedding of the lining of the uterus. this means your menstrual cycle has stopped and you won’t have a period again until after your baby is born. but missing your period is not always a sign of pregnancy. You can also miss your period due to stress, excessive exercise, diet, hormonal imbalances, and other factors that can cause irregular periods.
- Frequent trips to the bathroom: Even before you miss a period, you may notice that you have to urinate more often. this happens because you have more blood than before. During pregnancy, your body’s blood supply increases. your kidneys filter your blood and remove extra waste. These wastes leave your body as urine. the more blood in your body, the more you have to urinate.
- Fatigue (feeling tired): Many people feel extremely tired early in pregnancy. This sign of pregnancy occurs due to high levels of the hormone progesterone. Like other early pregnancy symptoms, fatigue tends to improve in the second trimester (after the 13th week of pregnancy). however, it returns in the third trimester for many people.
- morning (and afternoon and night) sickness: Despite the name, this symptom of pregnancy can occur at any time of the day or night. nausea can occur as early as two weeks pregnant. Not everyone experiences nausea and there are various levels of nausea. you may feel nauseated but never vomit. about half of pregnant women vomit due to nausea. Although nausea during pregnancy is quite normal, it can be a problem if you become dehydrated. People who are unable to keep food and fluids down due to extreme nausea may have a condition called hyperemesis gravidarum. contact your health care provider if you experience extreme nausea and dehydration.
- sore (and swollen) breasts: Your breasts may become tender to the touch during pregnancy. the pain may be similar to the way your breasts feel before a period, only more so. your areolas (the area around your nipple) may also start to darken and get larger. This pain is temporary and goes away once your body gets used to the surge in hormones. You may also notice that your breasts have enlarged and that your bra is tighter than usual.
- Spotting (also called implantation bleeding): Although it may seem like a bad sign, light bleeding (spotting) can be a sign that an embryo has implanted in the lining of the uterus. . implantation takes place about 10 days after conception. Implantation bleeding looks like tiny drops of blood or a brownish discharge from the vagina. it can start around the time of your regular period and can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. spotting can make some people think they just had a light period and are not pregnant.
- Food cravings, constant hunger, and food aversions: Food can be difficult in early pregnancy. Some people start to crave certain foods or feel constantly hungry. while some foods and flavors may seem wonderful early in pregnancy, others may suddenly taste unpleasant. Food aversions can occur during pregnancy, causing you to dislike things you used to enjoy.
- metallic taste in the mouth: Many people say they experience a metallic taste in the mouth during the early stages of pregnancy. it can taste like you have a bunch of coins in your mouth. this can happen when you eat certain foods or randomly throughout the day.
- Headaches and dizziness: Headaches and feelings of lightheadedness and dizziness are common during early pregnancy. this happens due to hormonal changes in your body and increased blood volume.
- Cramps: You may also experience mild period-like cramps that come and go for a few days. If these cramps are felt mainly on one side of your body or are severe, it’s important to contact your health care provider right away. this could be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy or another complication.
- mood swings: As your hormones continue to change, you may experience mood swings. this is normal and can occur during pregnancy. however, if you ever feel anxious, depressed, or have thoughts of harming yourself, it is important to contact your health care provider.
- Congestion: Some people experience nasal congestion in early pregnancy due to increased blood and hormone levels. the mucous membranes in the nose become dry and are more likely to bleed.
- Bloating: Although it may take several weeks or months to have a noticeable lump, the rise in hormones can make your stomach feel bloated and cause more gas than usual.
- Acne or skin changes: Increased hormones and blood volume are to blame for any skin changes you experience. while some people get a pregnancy glow and clearer skin during pregnancy, others may get more pimples.
Remember, the only way to know for sure you’re pregnant is to take a pregnancy test or ask your healthcare provider for an ultrasound.
what are some less common signs of early pregnancy?
There are some additional signs of early pregnancy that are not as common. As with the more common symptoms, these signs of pregnancy may or may not occur. It’s important to remember that everyone is different and experiences the signs of pregnancy differently.
Less common signs of early pregnancy may include:
how early do pregnancy symptoms start?
varies. Some people feel pregnant within days of conception, while others don’t feel pregnant for weeks after a positive pregnancy test. Pregnancy symptoms vary from person to person and even between pregnancies.
can you feel pregnant before you miss your period?
yes, you can feel pregnant before you miss your period. some people say they felt pregnancy symptoms within a week of conception (about a week before their missed period).
Could I have early pregnancy symptoms and not be pregnant?
Many of the symptoms of early pregnancy overlap with other medical conditions, as well as with your typical menstrual cycle. Premenstrual symptoms can be very similar to pregnancy symptoms. this can make it hard to tell the difference. You can also miss a period and not be pregnant. this can happen when you lose or gain a lot of weight or are stressed. breastfeeding can also make your period stop.
The best way to know you’re pregnant is to take a pregnancy test. Pregnancy tests are available at your local pharmacy or supermarket without a prescription.
how soon can i take a pregnancy test?
pregnancy tests work by detecting a certain level of human chorionic gonadotropin (hcg) in the urine. you can take a pregnancy test as soon as you have missed your period. however, it’s best to wait at least a week after you’ve missed your period for the most accurate results. While some tests claim to give you accurate results before you miss a period, testing too soon can result in a false negative (the test says you’re not pregnant, but you are).
Your health care provider may take a blood sample to check for pregnancy as early as a week before your missed period.
When should I call my doctor about a new pregnancy?
If you missed your period and have a positive pregnancy test, your next step is to call your health care provider for your first appointment. As you schedule, your provider may ask if you have already started taking a prenatal vitamin that contains folic acid. Prenatal vitamins are important in early pregnancy because they aid in the development of the fetal neural tube. the neural tube will become your baby’s brain and spine. many health care providers recommend that anyone who could become pregnant take folic acid at all times.
If you’re planning a pregnancy, a preconception appointment with your health care provider is a good starting point. A preconception appointment is especially important if you take medication for a chronic illness or have other medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or lupus.
During this appointment, your provider will discuss any current medical conditions, as well as your general health prior to pregnancy. this appointment is meant to get you to the best place for a new pregnancy.
a note from the cleveland clinic
everyone experiences pregnancy differently. Things like missing your period, sore or tender breasts, feeling more tired, and nausea (morning sickness) are common symptoms of early pregnancy. some people have pregnancy symptoms before they miss their period. Take a home pregnancy test if you think you might be pregnant. they are available at most grocery stores and are very accurate when used correctly. call your health care provider if you get a positive result. Early prenatal care is important and ensures that you and your fetus are healthy.