Clematis are among the most popular and attractive flowering vines grown in the home landscape. These plants include woody, deciduous vines, as well as herbaceous and evergreen varieties. they also vary greatly between species, with different flower shapes, colors, and blooming seasons, though most bloom sometime between early spring and fall.
Successful cultivation of clematis depends on the type chosen, however, most plants share the same basic growing requirements. Read on to learn more about clematis care.
Reading: How to care for clematis
how to grow clematis
For proper clematis care, clematis vines prefer sunny locations (at least six hours of sun are needed to flower), but the soil must be kept cool. An easy way to accomplish this is to plant some type of groundcover or shallow-rooted perennials around the clematis. a 2-inch (5 cm) layer of mulch can also be incorporated to keep the roots cool and moist.
Growing clematis vines should also be supported in some way. the type of support system usually depends on the variety grown. for example, posts are acceptable options for smaller clematis vines, which can range from 2 to 5 feet tall. arbors may be more suitable for growing larger types, which can reach 8 to 12 feet (2 to 4 m). most varieties, however, do quite well along a trellis or fence.
clematis planting information
Although many clematis vines are grown in containers, they can also be planted in the garden. They are usually planted in the fall or early spring, depending on the region and variety.
clematis plants need plenty of room for proper airflow, as well as a rich, well-draining planting area. You should dig the hole large enough to accommodate the plant, and most recommendations suggest at least 2 feet (61 cm) deep of compost-amended soil before planting. It can also be helpful to cut the plant back a bit before planting to reduce the impact as it adjusts to its new environment.
clematis care tips
Once established, care for clematis vines is minimal with the exception of watering. they should be watered about an inch (2.5 cm) weekly, and more deeply during dry spells. mulch should be replenished each spring.
Also, keep an eye out for common problems affecting these plants. Clematis wilt can cause vines to suddenly collapse and die after foliage and stems have blackened. Powdery mildew often affects plants with poor air circulation. aphids and mites can also be a problem.
clematis pruning care
annual pruning may also be necessary to keep clematis looking their best. pruning clematis helps the plants stay attractive and full of flowers. the type of clematis vine grown determines when and how it should be pruned.
for example, early spring flowering varieties should be pruned as soon as possible after flowering, but before July, as they sprout on the previous season’s growth.
Large-flowered types that bloom in mid-spring should be cut back to taller buds in late winter or early spring.
Late-blooming varieties should be pruned 2-3 feet in late winter/early spring (24-36 inches).