What Do June Bugs Eat? Learn Their Diet, Life Cycle, And How To Stop Them

June bugs may not seem like a big deal; Unlike other bugs, June bugs don’t bite or sting and can usually only be found at night. Of course, that doesn’t mean we want them running rampant through our homes. While a June bug won’t hurt you, they do have feeding habits that are harmful to your lawn and plants. if there are too many of them, their presence can become quite destructive. so how do we get rid of June bug infestations? let’s find out…

June bugs: everything you need to know about these pesky bugs

June bugs are native to North America, Europe, and Asia, and go by many different names. There are several common types of June bugs; The most common species of June bug in the United States are the common June bug, the ten-striped beetle, and the green fruit beetle.

Reading: Where do june bugs go

June bugs are mainly active during the summer months, especially between May and July, which is why they got the name “June bug”. It’s during these summer months that you may notice some destruction to your lawn, and June bugs are likely to blame.

all about June bugs

Learning more in-depth details about June bugs can help you find a pest control solution. let’s take a closer look at these insects.

where do June bugs come from?

June bugs are very common bugs found in the northern hemisphere. Specifically, they come from North America, Europe, and Asia. These insects enjoy warmer weather, so they are drawn to hot areas during the summer. they are especially attracted to thick, thatched lawns. in fact, heavily fertilized lawns serve as an especially hospitable environment for June bug larvae.

the life cycle of June insects

The life cycle of the June bug begins in early summer during mating season. A female June bug will lay her eggs in multiple groups for a total of up to 200 eggs per season. To keep the eggs safe, she usually places them two to ten inches below the surface of the soil.

The eggs only need two to three weeks to mature. they then hatch and emerge from the ground during the summer when food is most plentiful. this is the first of three instar stages, in which the larvae grow and shed their skin to accommodate their increasing size.

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June bug larvae or larvae feed on decaying organic matter and roots, killing plants from the bottom up. In the second instar, the June bug larvae are the most destructive and require larger quantities of food to support their growth.

During the winter, the larvae burrow several inches below the surface to avoid freezing. Depending on the June bug species, the larvae will pupate in preparation for adulthood. some June bug species require only one year in the larval stage, while others remain in the larval stage for up to three years.

As they enter adulthood, June bugs are free to move past the roots and grass they previously fed on and attack other nearby plants. adult beetles will become active in late spring and remain active until mid to late summer.

identify June bugs

June bugs are usually inactive during the day. during the nights, they become more active and are attracted to light sources. The most common types of June bugs range from half an inch to an inch in length. they are reddish-brown in color and have shiny wings. Although they are tiny creatures, their bodies can be described as heavy and oval in shape.

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While the different June bug types are very similar, they do have a few differences worth noting.

common mistake of June

The common June bug is the type that comes closest to the description above. These insects, often called beetles, are reddish-brown in color and about a half to an inch long. they sport the same hard, shiny wing covers.

European bug

Also known as Rhizotrogus majalis, European bed bugs are smaller than common bed bugs. They are about half an inch long and love to dig in grass and lawns.

green fruit beetle

The green fruit beetle has a funny nickname: the fig eater. This metallic green insect enjoys soft, ripe fruit such as figs and is very common in the eastern United States.

june green bug

The green June bug is named for its deep green color. Its upper body is soft and velvety, and it features stripes along its wings in colorful shades of green, orange, and yellow.

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japanese beetle

Also known as popillia japonica, the Japanese beetle is a smaller June bug that has brown wings and a metallic blue-green head. he also sports strands of white hair that grow uniquely down the side of each leg.

ten line June beetle

With its own distinctive features, the ten-lined June beetle is one of the largest types of June bugs, growing up to an inch and a half in length. The brown ten-striped beetle has ten distinctive white stripes running the length of its body, hence its name.

june bug damage

June bugs commonly cause damage to grass, foliage, and fruits or vegetables, but different species will have different food preferences. For example, the Japanese beetle enjoys feeding on common crops such as strawberries and peppers, while common June bugs are content to continue feeding on your lawn or nearby trees or bushes.

As mentioned above, June bug larvae are especially dangerous to your lawn. If an infestation is really bad, the larvae can eat up large sections of grass, leaving your garden looking brown and dry.

signs you have a June bug infestation

There are often clear signs that you have a June bug infestation. these red flags can let you know it’s time to act.

see big beetles

Perhaps one of the most obvious signs of an infestation is seeing the bugs for yourself. If you have started noticing the large flying beetles becoming active after dark during summer nights, this could be an indication.

brown grass patches

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Because June bug larvae live underground and feed on roots, you may start to notice parts of your lawn dying and turning brown. it can even easily lift sections of brown grass right out of the ground.

mole problem

Moles feed on grubs, so if you have grubs in your lawn, you may start seeing moles too. other animals that eat grubs, like raccoons and skunks, can also start digging holes in your lawn.

irregular plants

While the larvae remain underground, the adult beetles feed on above-ground plants on your property. therefore, you may begin to notice leaves with ragged holes and a broken appearance.

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how to get rid of June bugs

Any type of infestation can seem overwhelming, but there are some simple ways to get rid of June bugs quite easily.

biological approach

You don’t need to use harmful chemicals to get rid of June bugs. using bacillus thuringiensis var. Kurstaki, commonly known as bt, is an organic, non-toxic way to get rid of grubs in your lawn. You can also use dish soap to kill grubs in your lawn, as it works to suffocate them. you can wash dishes with water and spray it all over your lawn.

physical approach

Another way to get rid of infestations is to create June bug traps to capture the adult bugs. place a container filled with fruit juice with a wide-opening funnel at the top. adult bugs will go for the juice, trapping themselves inside.

Other natural predators such as frogs, snakes and lizards can help control the population. you can have some of these non-harmful animals in your garden to protect your plants.


The best way to beat an infestation is to prevent it altogether. Maintaining an overall healthy lawn is the first step in preventing June bugs. In late June, when the females are trying to bury their eggs, try to water your lawn often. You can also try seeding your lawn to encourage new growth.

June mistakes: the end result

While June bugs can be pretty nasty pests, they’re not harmful to humans, so don’t panic if you find them in your garden. These bugs don’t bite, and they’re actually pretty easy to handle.

The most damage you are likely to see from a June bug is the damage done to your lawn. but you can treat an infestation easily, and without using insecticides or harmful chemicals.

romney pest control has been serving the dallas-fortworth, austin, san antonio and houston area for over ten years, offering top-of-the-line pest control treatment and services. if you have a bug problem, we have a solution.

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